Hey there! As a fellow developer, I know how challenging it can be to select the right PHP framework for your next big web project. Choosing between CodeIgniter vs Laravel is no easy task!
But have no fear – I‘m here to help make your decision easier. I‘ve been building web apps with PHP for over 15 years, and I‘ve used CodeIgniter and Laravel extensively.
In this detailed guide, I‘ll share my experiences and insights to highlight the key differences between these two awesome frameworks. I‘ll provide plenty of statistics, examples, and opinions so you can determine which framework is the best fit for your needs.
Ready to dive in? Let‘s go!
A Quick Intro to CodeIgniter and Laravel
First, let‘s briefly introduce the two frameworks we‘re comparing:
What is CodeIgniter?
CodeIgniter is an open source PHP framework that‘s been around since 2006. It‘s known for being lightweight, fast, and flexible.
Some cool facts about CodeIgniter:
- Weighs in at only 1.1MB (tiny!)
- Built for simplicity, speed and developer freedom
- Loose MVC pattern gives you flexibility in app structure
- Powers over 673,300 sites on the web
CodeIgniter is a great choice when you want to get an app built quickly without a ton of complex features getting in your way.
What is Laravel?
Laravel launched in 2011 and has quickly become one of the most popular PHP frameworks. It has a robust set of built-in tools and follows the MVC pattern closely.
Some awesome stats about Laravel:
- Used by over 200,000 websites
- Powers popular apps like Cachet, Envoyer, and the National Geographic Society
- Has over 18K stars on GitHub and averages 500+ new forks per month
- Developed by Taylor Otwell and an amazing community
Laravel is feature-packed and designed for large, complex web apps. It has everything but the kitchen sink!
Now that we‘ve introduced both frameworks at a high level, let‘s dig into the details…
Comparing CodeIgniter vs Laravel for Web Development
CodeIgniter and Laravel have quite a few similarities, but also major differences across a number of categories. I‘ll break these down to highlight how they compare for common web development needs.
Simplicity and Learning Curve
CodeIgniter shines here with its minimalist philosophy. The documentation is excellent, and it‘s very easy for a PHP dev to get started building web apps quickly.
Laravel has a steeper learning curve with its vast ecosystem. There are more concepts and moving parts to learn. However, the official docs and community resources help new developers get up to speed.
CodeIgniter‘s simplicity wins for rapid prototyping and small projects. Laravel may be overkill if complexity isn‘t required.
CodeIgniter’s simplicity lets developers build apps faster without boilerplate code slowing them down. Projects can progress quickly.
That said, Laravel‘s robust ecosystem, components, and tooling allow rapid development too once you know the framework well. The perceived complexity pays dividends over time.
For very rapid MVPs and quick iterations, CodeIgniter may have a slight speed advantage.
CodeIgniter‘s lightweight foundation gives it a performance advantage for simple use cases. The benchmarks don‘t lie.
However, Laravel has more advanced performance optimization capabilities built-in. A properly configured Laravel app with caching and compilation enabled can deliver screaming fast speeds.
CodeIgniter is faster out of the box. But Laravel can achieve great performance at scale when tuned.
Laravel was designed with security in mind from the start. Features like authentication, authorization, encryption, SQL injection prevention and cross-site scripting protection are built right in.
CodeIgniter provides basic security capabilities, but lacks some of Laravel‘s robust protection. You may need to depend more on third party libraries to fill the gaps.
Laravel easily wins on security with its "secure by default" ethos.
CodeIgniter can certainly scale to handle more traffic with some optimization work. But complex apps at enterprise scale will hit limits sooner than a framework designed for scalability like Laravel.
Laravel was created specifically to meet scalability demands with features like multi-server support, queue workers, caching, and performance monitoring tools built-in.
Laravel is tailor-made for large, complex apps that require scaling across infrastructure.
Community & Ecosystem
Laravel has one of the largest PHP communities out there. The support forums are extremely active, and there are tons of tutorials, books, videos, and training resources available.
CodeIgniter also has great community support and learning material. But the ecosystem isn‘t nearly as vast as Laravel‘s.
Laravel has a much larger and more vibrant community than CodeIgniter.
Flexibility vs. Structure
CodeIgniter is flexible and puts the developer in control. It won‘t restrict you to a certain project structure or conventions. Laravel has more opinions and conventions baked in that must be adhered to.
CodeIgniter offers more architectual freedom. Laravel trades some flexibility for structure and consistency.
The documentation for both frameworks is excellent and thorough overall. Both are friendly to newcomers. Laravel benefits from having 10x as many contributors creating content and examples.
Close tie – Both CodeIgniter and Laravel documentation is fantastic.
Laravel has robust logging and exception handling built-in. Errors are captured, logged, and displayed elegantly. Debugging problems is straightforward.
CodeIgniter doesn‘t have as robust error handling out of the box. You may need to build more of your own error handling capabilities.
Laravel‘s exception handling and debugging capabilities are hard to beat.
Laravel has awesome integrated unit and integration testing powered by PHPUnit. Testing anything from controllers to views is super easy.
Setting up tests with CodeIgniter requires more heavy lifting since there‘s no built-in testing solution. You‘ll have to integrate your own third party testing tools.
Laravel makes testing so much easier.
Databases & ORMs
Laravel‘s Eloquent ORM allows you to execute database queries with simple, expressive syntax that automatically secures your app from SQL injection vulnerabilities.
CodeIgniter‘s database classes are lightweight, but you‘ll have to write more raw SQL. The Active Record implementation compares to Eloquent, but isn‘t nearly as elegant.
Laravel‘s Eloquent ORM provides a huge developer productivity boost.
CodeIgniter uses a lightweight implementation of MVC that grants flexibility in your application structure. Laravel utilizes MVC in a stricter way.
If you prefer a loose MVC approach, CodeIgniter is great. For robust MVC right out of the box, Laravel is a better choice.
Laravel‘s strict MVC methodology results in apps that are better structured with clear separations.
Laravel has excellent built-in caching support. Caching can have a huge impact on performance, and Laravel makes it simple across different storage engines like Redis and Memcached.
With CodeIgniter, you‘ll need to incorporate third party libraries to enable advanced caching functionality. It‘s doable, but not as cleanly integrated.
Laravel‘s integrated caching capabilities allow for incredible performance optimization.
Queues & Background Jobs
Laravel has excellent queue support built-in powered by Redis and other backends. You can easily schedule jobs and tasks to run asynchronously in the background without slowing down the user experience.
CodeIgniter doesn‘t provide native queuing. You‘d need to integrate third party queue packages to offload tasks from the main app execution flow.
Laravel simplifies implementing robust queued jobs.
Laravel comes with frontend tools like Vue out of the box, a build pipeline, an Elixir scripting interface, and other modern frontend conveniences.
CodeIgniter is focused on the backend, so integrating tools like Webpack and Vue requires more manual effort. The frontend ecosystem around CodeIgniter isn‘t as rich.
Laravel has the powerful Blade templating engine built-in which streamlines working with views and layouts. Features like template inheritance speed up front-end development.
CodeIgniter doesn‘t have templating capabilities baked in. You‘d need to integrate your own template parser like Twig or use a plugin.
Laravel‘s Blade templating allows you to build views quickly and cleanly.
Authentication & Authorization
Laravel has a simple, built-in authentication and authorization system implemented with middleware. You can implement signup, login, and access controls out of the box.
CodeIgniter has no native auth system, so you‘d need to build this yourself or integrate third party packages. It requires much more manual effort compared to Laravel.
Laravel makes implementing rock solid authentication easy.
Laravel has powerful routing capabilities including route caching for maximum performance. Clean URL patterns and separation of concerns between routes and controllers enables complex applications.
CodeIgniter provides basic routing that gets the job done, but isn‘t nearly as flexible and expressive as Laravel‘s routing.
Laravel‘s routing system allows incredibly flexible URL design.
Libraries & Packages
One of Laravel‘s core strengths is Composer, the PHP package manager integrated directly with Laravel. There are over 21,000 packages available to accelerate your development process.
CodeIgniter has a smaller ecosystem of third party libraries at your disposal. You‘ll likely need to write more custom code versus leveraging pre-built Composer packages like Laravel does.
Laravel‘s ecosystem of Composer packages blows CodeIgniter‘s out of the water.
As you can see, Laravel consistently comes out ahead when it comes to robust features and developer productivity boosters. However, with great power comes great complexity.
CodeIgniter defeats Laravel in simplicity, ease of use, and lightweight implementation. It grants developers more freedom in their architectural decisions too.
So which framework is better? Here are my recommendations…
When to Choose CodeIgniter Over Laravel
CodeIgniter is best suited for:
- Simple websites with low complexity needs
- Quick prototypes you want built fast
- Small apps with minimal requirements
- Situations where simplicity and flexibility are priorities
CodeIgniter gives you an express lane to website development. For basic CRUD apps without advanced backend needs, CodeIgniter can get you to market much faster.
When to Choose Laravel Over CodeIgniter
Laravel is the better fit for:
- Building large, robust enterprise web applications
- Complex apps with advanced functionality
- Products requiring high performance at scale
- Teams that value structure, conventions, and great docs
- Startups that need to iterate quickly with fewer developers
If you foresee growing complexity as your product and team expands, Laravel will scale more gracefully. The robust tooling and components accelerate development too.
Which Framework is Right For You?
So now you know my frank thoughts on CodeIgniter vs Laravel! Here are a few final tips:
- Evaluate your unique needs, capabilities, and constraints honestly
- Don‘t prematurely optimize for scale you don‘t yet need
- Consider your team‘s skills and ability to learn new technologies
- Prototype quickly in both to validate your assumptions
- Let simplicity, productivity, and scalability guide your decision
I hope this detailed comparison helps you feel confident choosing the best PHP framework for YOUR next web project, whether it‘s CodeIgniter, Laravel, or another option entirely.
If anything‘s unclear or you have more questions, feel free to reach out! I‘m always happy to chat code.
Now go forth and build something awesome! Sincerely, Bill from WebDevCo