Hey there! Docker Hub is like a magical container image repository that makes deploying apps easier than ever. In this guide, I‘ll walk you through everything you need to know about Docker Hub.
By the end, you‘ll be a Docker Hub pro ready to leverage it for all your containerization needs!
What is Docker Hub Exactly?
Docker Hub is the world‘s largest library of container images. It‘s a registry provided by Docker to easily share and use containers.
Some key things Docker Hub offers:
Public/private image repositories – Store and share images either publicly or privately with your team.
User accounts – Create your free account to access repositories and share your own images.
Organizations & teams – Group repositories and manage access to them through collaborators.
Automated builds – Automatically build code into images on Docker Hub.
Webhooks – Integrate Docker Hub with other tools through webhooks.
Official images – Trusted images created and maintained by Docker.
So in summary, Docker Hub is like GitHub for docker images! It makes containers easy to access, share, and manage.
Creating Your Docker Hub Account
Let‘s start by making your Docker Hub account so you can access repositories:
Head to https://hub.docker.com and click Sign Up.
Enter your username, email, and password.
Check your inbox to verify your email.
Once verified, you can sign in and start using Docker Hub!
Some things you can do with an account:
- Access public repositories
- Create repositories
- Configure automated builds
- Join organizations and teams
- Submit contributions to repos
So an account unlocks all Docker Hub has to offer!
Searching Docker Hub for Images
Docker Hub contains over 100,000 public image repositories contributed by the community. We can leverage these images by searching for ones we need and pulling them down.
Browsing and Searching
There are a couple ways to find images:
- Browse and search on Docker Hub‘s website
docker searchon the CLI
For example, searching for "ubuntu" gives tons of repository results for different Ubuntu releases.
When browsing, you can see the # of stars, pulls, and description for each repository. Stars and pulls indicate popularity.
Choosing Your Image
Tips for picking an image:
Official images – Prefer official images from vendors like Ubuntu, Nginx, etc.
Popularity – Images with more stars and pulls tend to be higher quality.
Recent activity – Ensure the image repo is actively maintained.
Reviews – Read the reviews and feedback for the image.
Docs – Well documented images make them easier to use.
Repositories contain different versions of an image marked with tags:
ubuntu - ubuntu:18.04 - ubuntu:latest - ubuntu:22.04
If you don‘t specify a tag,
:latest will be assumed. Always pin to a specific tag when possible.
Pulling an Image
Once you‘ve found your desired image, pull it with
docker pull ubuntu:22.04
This downloads the image to your local machine. You can then run it in a container!
Pushing Your Images to Docker Hub
In addition to using public images, you can publish your own to Docker Hub!
Before pushing images, log in with your Docker Hub credentials:
Enter your username and password when prompted.
Preparing Your Image
To prepare an image for Docker Hub:
- Name it properly – Use your Docker ID and a descriptive name:
docker tag myimage john/my-app:1.0
Test it – Ensure your image works as expected before publishing.
Document it – Include a README with usage, requirements, etc.
Pushing It Up
Once prepped, push your image:
docker push john/my-app:1.0
Head to your Docker Hub profile to find the new repository containing your image!
Managing Your Repositories
Repositories in Docker Hub hold collections of related images, organized by name.
To create a new repository:
- Click "Create Repository" on your Docker Hub profile
- Give the repository a short, memorable name
- Set visibility to public or private
- Click "Create"
Tips for repositories:
- Create separate repos for separate applications, tools, etc.
- Use a consistent naming convention like "app-backend", "app-frontend"
- Add a README with documentation
Within a repository, use tags to version images:
john/app-backend - 1.3 - 1.4 - 2.0
Tags distinguish iterations. Use semantic versioning or commit SHAs.
On Docker Hub, you can:
- View and edit README docs
- Change repo visibility
- Monitor traffic and statistics
- Manage collaborators
- Delete old tags
- Customize builds
Keep your repos tidy for easier maintenance!
Enabling Automated Builds
Having to rebuild images and push updates manually can be a pain. Luckily, Docker Hub can automate this!
Linking Your Code
Under "Build Settings" in your Docker Hub repository, connect to a Git provider like GitHub or Bitbucket.
This links your source code to Docker Hub.
Configuring Automated Builds
Next, enable Autobuild. This tells Docker Hub to automatically build new images when code is pushed.
Some things you can configure:
- Build on certain branches like
- Build on new GitHub releases
- Use Dockerfile in different subdirectories
Autobuilds save you time rebuilding images with every application change. Just focus on coding!
Webhooks for Integration
Webhooks let Docker Hub notify other tools when events happen like image pushes, builds triggering, etc.
Some events that can trigger webhooks:
- New image pushed
- New tag added
- Build started/completed
- Repository updated
Webhooks POST data about these events to a URL we configure.
Under repository settings, add webhooks with a URL to ping on events.
For example, ping a Jenkins server to deploy new images automatically!
Webhooks keep Docker Hub integrated in our workflows.
Organizations and Teams
Docker Hub Organizations help manage permissions for multiple repositories. Teams provide role-based access control.
Organizations collect multiple related repositories in a group. They have their own Docker ID like:
This is great for companies or large projects with many repos.
Within an organization, Teams allow managing permissions for groups of users.
For example, have:
- An "Engineers" team with full access
- A "Blog Editors" team with access just to the blog repo
Teams simplify collaborator management!
Trusted Official Images
Docker Inc. provides vetted Official Images that follow best practices around security, sizing, and documentation.
Some benefits of Official Images:
- Built by Docker engineers
- Scanned for vulnerabilities
- Actively maintained and supported
- Optimized size, with consistent tags
- Trusted by the community
mysql, and more. Use Official Images when possible!
Most Popular Repositories
There are tons of useful images contributed to Docker Hub. Here are some of the most popular:
|Ubuntu||Ubuntu variants like Jammy and Bionic|
|Nginx||High performance web server|
|Python||Python interpreter images|
|MySQL||Open source relational database|
|MongoDB||Popular document-based NoSQL database|
|Node||Node.js runtime environment|
|Redis||In-memory data store for caching|
|WordPress||Optimized WordPress containers|
With over 100,000 repos, you‘ll find images for every use case on Docker Hub!
There you have it – everything you need to start leveraging Docker Hub!
- Docker Hub hosts tons of public container images to use
- Make an account to access repositories and share images
- Manage container versions through repo tags
- Automate building images with repository links
- Control permissions with organizations and teams
Now you can pull images with confidence, share your own creations, and integrate Docker Hub into your workflows.
Happy containerizing! Let me know if you have any other Docker Hub questions.